How to protect yourself during a disaster
Do not panic during an earthquake. Stay calm and act with a cool head. Please take steps to protect yourself according to your surroundings. Always remember that you are the only one who can protect yourself from danger.
- Protect your head with something nearby, such as a cushion, futon or pillow.
- Hide under a sturdy table or desk.
- Take care not to be injured by glass fragments, etc.
- Do not flee outside but open a door or window and secure a safe route out.
When at a department store or supermarket
- Press yourself up against a pillar or alongside a wall, taking care to avoid collapsing display shelves or falling products.
- Protect your head using clothing, personal belongings or a shopping basket.
- Hide under a sturdy table or desk away from windows, lockers or bookshelves.
When in an underground shopping mall
- Underground places are said to be relatively safe during an earthquake, so press yourself up against a pillar or alongside a wall, and wait for the shaking to subside.
- Emergency lighting will turn on after a while, so do not panic even if the power goes out.
- If a fire breaks out, cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief or something similar and calmly follow the instructions of a member of staff.
- When there is a risk of tsunami, once the shaking has subsided, follow the directions given by a member of staff and move promptly above ground.
When in a theater or cinema
- Crouch down between the seats and protect yourself from falling objects.
- Calmly follow the instructions given by a member of staff.
- Press the buttons for all floors and get out at the first floor the elevator stops at.
- If you are trapped in the elevator, contact someone using the emergency button or interphone and wait to be rescued.
- There is a risk of aftershocks, so do not use the elevator to evacuate.
- Do not brake sharply. Grip the steering wheel firmly, gradually reduce your speed and pull over to the side of the road.
- Once the shaking has subsided, get information on the latest situation through your car radio, etc.
- If you leave your car, leave the keys in the vehicle, as it may be need to be moved in an emergency.
- Trains come to a standstill during a major earthquake, so please make sure to hold onto the handrail or hanging strap tightly.
- If you are sitting down, brace yourself by leaning forward and keeping your feet firmly planted on the floor.
- Follow the instructions given by crew members.
- Stay away from things that could easily topple over, such as vending machines, concrete block walls, or telephone poles.
- Protect your head with a bag or something similar and stay away from buildings where there is a risk of things falling, such as signs or exterior walls.
- Never approach areas where electric cables are hanging down, or where there is a gas leak.
- Never approach areas where the road has liquefied, or where there are cracks in the ground.
When near a mountain or cliff
- If you feel an earthquake, evacuate from dangerous areas immediately.
- Do not approach mountains or cliffs, as landslides sometimes occur during aftershocks.
Where to inquire
|About ways to protect yourself during a disaster
|Regional Disaster Prevention Division, General Affairs Bureau (*Inquiries in Japanese only)