Precautions During Flu (Influenza) SeasonDuring most years, flu (influenza) outbreaks are most prevalent from December through March, reaching their peak in January and February. Flu symptoms typically include a sudden fever of 38°C/100°F or higher, coughing, sore throat and headache in addition to fatigue, joint pain and other full-body symptoms. If you think you may have caught the flu, go to a clinic or hospital immediately.
Measures to prevent catching the flu:
- Upon returning home, thoroughly wash your hands for 20 seconds or more, under running water and using soap. Make sure to wash areas that are often overlooked, including spaces between the fingers, creases/wrinkles on the hand, underneath the fingernails, and around the wrists.
- Use a humidifier to keep the room at an appropriate humidity level (50% - 60%).
- Boost your immune resistance through a nutritional diet and sufficient rest.
Measures to prevent infecting others:
- If you find yourself coughing or sneezing, wear a surgical/sanitary mask.
- Take time off school or work when you catch the flu. You are still contagious for about two days after your fever has subsided, so refrain from leaving the house during this time.
Measures to prevent worsening of symptoms/condition:
- If you think you may have caught the flu, put on a surgical/sanitary mask and visit a clinic or hospital for examination. Children, senior citizens, pregnant women, persons with chronic diseases, and other such persons run the risk of rapid escalation of symptoms and should see a doctor as quickly as possible.
- If a person who may have the flu does not respond when you speak to them, their breathing is rapid and labored, they experience prolonged chest pain, and/or their symptoms persists and worsen over long periods, take them to see a doctor immediately.